Fonio is a West African ancient cereal grain that is considered a superfood because of its high nutritional value. Processing fonio seeds involves several steps:
1. Harvesting: Fonio seeds are harvested when they are fully matured and the plant has turned yellow.
2. Threshing: The harvested fonio is then threshed to separate the grains from the straws using a machine called a thresher.
3. Winnowing: After threshing, the fonio grains are winnowed to remove the chaff using a winnowing machine or manually using a basket.
4. Cleaning: The cleaned fonio grains are then taken through a cleaning process to remove any impurities using a cleaning machine.
5. Soaking: The cleaned fonio grains are soaked in water to soften them and reduce the cooking time.
6. Dehulling: After soaking, the fonio grains are dehulled to remove the outer layers using a dehulling machine.
7. Drying: The dehulled fonio grains are then dried in the sun or using a dryer machine until they are completely dry.
8. Milling: The dried fonio grains are milled into flour using a mill machine.
Fonio Seed Processing Plant
Fonio cleaning---stoner---hulling mill---grading sieve---peeling off------polishing---grading---color sorting---packing.
The machines required for fonio processing include a thresher, winnowing machine, cleaning machine, soaking tank, dehulling machine, drying machine, and mill machine.
Fonio processing technology involves the use of appropriate machines and technologies to produce high-quality fonio grains and flour. This technology ensures that the processing is efficient, safe, and sustainable. It also helps to reduce post-harvest losses and increase the shelf life of the fonio grains and flour.